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From Boring to Exciting: Transforming Capital and End Mark Lessons in Your Classroom

Grammar, Writing
Photo of end mark interactive anchor chart for capital and end mark lessons.

As educators, we understand the importance of equipping young learners with essential writing skills right from the start. Capital and end mark lessons with the focus on the correct use of capitals and end marks, such as periods, question marks, and exclamation points, lays the foundation for effective communication. However, capital and end mark lessons to elementary students can sometimes be a daunting and boring task. Traditional methods that involve rote memorization and worksheets may not always captivate their attention or foster a genuine understanding of the topic. And let’s be honest, kids often just forget to use them.

In this blog post, we dive into a collection of engaging techniques to help teachers make learning about capitals and end marks an enjoyable experience for their young students. So, let’s get started and discover how we can turn capitals and end mark lessons into an exciting adventure that ignites a love for language and empowers our young writers to communicate with confidence!


Photo of book covers for The Day Punctuation Came to Town and The Upper Case Trouble in Capital City.

Mentor texts and picture book are always a fun way to introduce and/or review skills. Here are two fun books that focus on capitalization and end punctuation.

Please note Amazon affiliate links are included in this post for your convenience.  As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.


Brainpop Jr. has a great video about using capitals and another one about using end marks. I love using Brainpop when I can because it helps focus on the skills in a different way.

Interactive Anchor Chart

I love using interactive anchor charts and creating anchor charts for grammar skills! For capitals, we created a chart where we went over specific times you would need to use capital and then created examples that matched those specifics.

For end marks, I love to use an interactive anchor chart. We had already gone over the three types of end marks and had watched the Brainpop and read a book. For the chart, I gave students a different color sticky that would correlate to the type of sentence they would need to write. Students then either created a statement, question, or exclamatory sentence and then added it to our chart. This was a great time to not only discuss end marks, but also review using capitals in the correct places and what makes a complete sentence. See the video above for more.

Photo of end marks interactive anchor chart with sticky notes.

Group Hunt – Editing Writing

As I mentioned in the introduction, some kids just seem to be allergic to capitals and end marks. I know we talk about them ad nauseam and I remind them to use them, but some students still struggle. Another practice strategy is to have students work with a partner or a group to edit a piece with mistakes.

I’ve written one piece where there are capitals in all the wrong places and another piece where there are no end marks. Students then work with their partner or group to figure out how to fix the errors to make the sentences correct and readable. Once time is up, students come down to the carpet and help me correct it on the screen.

Photo of story with capitalization errors for the kids to fix.

Friday Fix It – Morning Message

Photo of morning message on white board with sentence for students to correct.

I love incorporating grammar skills into my Morning Meeting. A few years ago I started doing a routine on Fridays – where every Friday – the message was a Friday Fix It. Student would be given a sticky note and have to re-write the sentence correctly on it and then add it to the message board. Then, during Morning Meeting we would go over it as a class. This is a great way to throw in a variety of different grammar and spelling skills.

Grammar Fix It – Capitals and End Marks

Photo of Fix It Recording sheet and two teal colored grammar task cards on a pink background.

Since I’ve noticed over the years that capitals and end marks are always a struggle, I decided to create a resource to help students practice. For this resource, there are 8 task cards and students have to fix the errors and re-write the sentence correctly on their recording sheet. In this activity, there is an option for capitals only, end marks only, and both capitals and end marks. I’ve used this as an Around the Room Activity, in stations, and also for independent practice.

Grab this resource here:

Printable Grammar Fix It – Capitals and End Marks

Digital Grammar Fix It – Capitals and End Marks

Get a FREE Capital and End Marks Practice Activity

Photo of blue task card on a desk with a recording sheet and pencil.

Grab a FREE Capitalization Practice Activity. These Around the Room Task Cards are a fun and engaging way to help your students practice this grammar skill. Grab the FREEBIE >>> HERE.

Pin Image for Capital and End Mark lessons.

Quick Comma Intro



Commas has been on our class schedule for multiple days and each day it got pushed because something ran long. While commas are important and do have their value, as we know we often run out of time in any given school day.  Anyways – the kids were excited because we finally, finally, finally got to talk about commas the other day.

Now, there are many different times we need commas and it can be a bit overwhelming. To start, we watched the Brainpop Jr. (maybe it was Brainpop) video about commas.  Moby is always entertaining and the kids enjoy learning along with him.

After watching the video, we started a class anchor chart about commas.  As I mentioned there are many times to use commas, but to make it a little less overwhelming on Day 1 we focused on three specific times.  On the anchor chart, we talked about using commas for the date, between city and state, and when listing items or events.  I put up each instance and we also came up with an example or two that matched that situation.

Then, since we were running out of time again and almost late for library, I gave a quick exit ticket type assignment. I had students go back to their seats and write down a sentence using commas as a list on their white board. I wanted something that would be quick, but also something that I could do a quick check that would be a formative assesment.

It went great! The kids wrote their sentences and headed to library. While they were at library I went around to see if they understood how to use commas correctly in a list and almost all of them did.  Then, they returned from library and their sentences out with their table group.


So super quick, easy way to introduce commas and a great way to do a quick check for understanding.

If you’re looking for more comma practice, check out my Grammar Fix-It Commas product.

Grammar Skills Included:
• Commas separating single words, capitals, and end marks
• Commas separating cities and dates, capitals, and end marks
• Commas used in introductory phrases, capitals, and end marks
• Commas used in compound sentences, capitals, and end marks
• All types of commas, capitals, end marks, and apostrophes (possessive nouns and contractions)